Albert Bruce Sabin (August 26th, 1906 – March 3rd, 1993) was a Jewish medical researcher and virologist, best known for developing the oral polio vaccine which has played a key role in nearly eradicating the disease.
Sabin was born in Białystok, then part of the Russian Empire, to Ashkenazi Jewish parents, Jacob Saperstein and Tillie Krugman. In 1922, he immigrated with his family to America. In 1930, he became a naturalized citizen of the United States and changed his name to Sabin, as well as assuming the middle name Bruce. Sabin received a medical degree from New York University in 1931 and in 1934 joined the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research (now Rockefeller University). During this time, he developed an intense interest in infectious diseases. By 1946, Sabin had become the head of Pediatric Research at the University of Cincinnati.
Sabin went to Cuba in 1967 and was in close discussion with Cuban officials in spite of their country’s ‘apparently’ diametrically opposed politics. Less than 2 years later between 1969–72, he was living and working in Jewish occupied Palestine as the President of Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot.