Laurence A Waddell
Lieutenant Colonel Laurence Austine Waddell, CB, CIE, F.L.S., L.L.D, M.Ch., I.M.S. RAI, F.R.A.S (1854–1938) was a British army surgeon, Professor of Chemistry and Pathology, Professor of Tibetan, explorer and archaeologist. Waddell also studied Sumerian and Sanskrit; he made various translations of seals and other inscriptions. Waddell was born to Rev. Thomas Clement Waddell, a Doctor of Divinity at Glasgow University and Jean Chapman, daughter of John Chapman of Banton, Stirlingshire. Waddell obtained a Bachelor’s degree in Medicine followed by a Master’s degree in both Surgery and Chemistry at Glasgow University in 1878. In 1880 Waddell joined the British Army and served as a medical officer for the Indian Medical Service (I.M.S).He was subsequently stationed in India and the following year became a Professor of Chemistry and Pathology at the Medical College of Kolkata, India and remained there for 6 years. While in India, Waddell also studied Sanskrit and edited the Indian Medical Gazette. From 1885-1887 Waddell became involved in British expeditions across Burma and Tibet. After his return from Burma Waddell was stationed in Darjeeling district, India, and was appointed Principal Medical Officer in 1888. Although his first publications were essays and articles on medicine and zoology, most notably “The Birds of Sikkim” (1893) in the 1890s Waddell firmly establish his archaeological expertise. He studied archaeology, ethnology and learned Tibetan in-between his military assignments. During the 1890s Waddell specialised in Buddhist antiquities and in 1895-97 he published “Reports on collections of Indo-Scythian Buddhist Sculptures from the Swat Valley”, various archaeological excavations were carried out and supervised by Waddell across India, including Pataliputra. His discoveries at Pataliputra were published in an official report in 1892 and his exploits in the Himalayas were published in his highly successful book Among the Himalayas (1899). Waddell was considered alongside Sir Charles Bell as one of the foremost authorities on Tibet and Tibetan Buddhism. In 1895 he also obtained a doctorate in law. Waddell continued his military service with the Indian Medical Service from 1898 returning to returned to England in 1906 a well decorated officer where he briefly became Professor of Tibetan at the University College of London. In 1908 Waddell began to learn Sumerian and began to translate ancient cuneiform tablets or seals, most notable include the Scheil dynastic tablet, the Bowl of Utu, the Newton Stone, as well as his British Edda. In 1911, Waddell published two entries in the Encyclopædia Britannica. By 1917, Waddell published an article in the Asiatic Review entitled “Aryan Origin of the World’s Civilization” and until his death was a proponent of “Pan-Sumerism” stating that many cultures and ancient civilizations were the product of Aryan Sumerian colonists such as the Indus Valley Civilization, Minoan Crete, Phoenicia, and Dynastic Egypt. From the 1920s Waddell had published several works highlighting the Aryan (i.e., Indo-European) origin of the alphabet and the appearance of Indo-European figures in ancient Near Eastern mythologies (e.g., Hittite, Sumerian, Babylonian). In Phoenician Origin of Britons, Scots, and Anglo-Saxons (1924) Waddell proposes a Syro-Hittite and Phoenician colonization of the British Isles and with Schliemann’s concrete verification of the existence of Troy the “migration of King Brutus and his Trojan and Phoenician refugees from Asia Minor and Phoenicia to establish a new homeland colony in Albion” has credence particularly when the use of the ancient Aryan “Sun-Cross” (Swastika) is mentioned. Waddell’s theory that the Indus-Valley seals were Sumerian also had academic support in the 1920s. It is highly suspicious that this support had disappeared by the early 1940s as Britain aided Jewish finance in a war against the Ethnic European. The non-Semitic source of the Sumerian language was established in the late 19th century by Julius Oppert and Henry Rawlinson and Waddell’s works Aryan Origin of the Alphabet and Sumer-Aryan Dictionary (1927) established that the Sumerian language was of Aryan (Indo-European) origin. He died in 1938 the same year he had completed writing Trojan Origin of World Civilization. This book was never published evidently because the weight of Waddell’s research severely impaired Jewish Marxist credibility.