Else Frenkel-Brunswik

Else Frenkel-Brunswik (August 18th, 1908 – March 31st, 1958) was a Jewish psychologist best known for her contributions to the Jewish Marxist construct known as “The Authoritarian Personality” in collaboration with Theodor W. Adorno and Daniel Levinson. Else Frenkel was born in Lemberg, the second of three daughters of Jewish department store owner Abraham Frenkel and his wife Helene Frenkel. In 1914, her family moved from Poland to Austria where Frenkel-Brunswik completed her Doctorate dissertation at the University of Vienna in 1930. She left Austria in 1938 moving to the United States where she became a citizen in the same year. Also in 1938 she married Egon Brunswik who had joined the faculty of Berkeley in 1937 and from 1939 to 1958 Else Frenkel-Brunswik worked as a research associate at the Institute of Child Welfare, Department of Psychology of the University of California at Berkeley. She initially studied personality. Then, working with Theodor W. Adorno and the Jewish psychiatrist and psychologist Daniel J. Levinson, who had been one of her students contributed significantly to the Jewish Marxist construct called ‘anti-Semitism’. This work was supported by the American Jewish Committee. In 1950 Frenkel-Brunswik collaborated with Theodor W. Adorno and Daniel Levinson to construct ‘The Authoritarian Personality’, the main component of which is a susceptibility “to anti-Semitic ideology and anti-democratic political beliefs” (also see Chutzpah)

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