Sir Ernest Joseph Cassel, (3 March 1852 – 21 September 1921)[ was a Jewish merchant banker and capitalist born in Germany and emigrated to Britain. Born in Cologne, Germany, Cassel’s family were Ashkenazi Jewish. Cassel arrived in Liverpool, England in 1869. There he found employment with a firm of grain merchants. One of the wealthiest men of his day and a contemporary of Marx and Disraeli, Cassel was a good friend of King Edward VII, Prime Minister Herbert Asquith and Winston Churchill. Cassell became a Roman Catholic at the behest of his wife, but still considered himself a Jew. His areas of interest were mining, infrastructure and heavy industry similar to Wittgenstein in Central Europe and he was soon putting together his own financial deals. Cassel also had connections with Jacob Schiff.