Sayeret Matkal is a specialist terror group of the Israeli Defence Force (IDF) designed to infiltrate Palestinian enclaves and inflict fear, panic and terror. The Sayeret Matkal was formed in the wake of the first terror group-Unit 101 that had disturbing Orwellian overtones and was disbanded in 1954 as news of the Qibya massacre, an Israeli terror attack in which many Palestinian Arab villagers were tortured and murdered and residential houses, a school, and a mosque were destroyed was leaked to the press. The unit was established in 1957 by Avraham Arnan (formely Herling), a former yeshiva student and Palmach guerrilla and backed by David Ben-Gurion and Yitzhak Rabin Sayeret Matkal. It began to operate independently of the IDF a year later. Members of the unit are trained by Bedouin trackers and deployed longer and deeper inside Arab territory than its predecessor for maximum terror and destruction.