Likened to Trotsky’s notion of ‘constant revolution’, the rapid change of which physically and mentally deracinates populations, accelerationism in political and social theory is the idea that capitalism, or particular processes that historically characterized capitalism, should be accelerated instead of overcome in order to generate radical social change. Karl Marx first expressed accelerationist attitudes in his 1848 speech “On the Question of Free Trade”:
But, in general, the protective system of our day is conservative, while the free trade system is destructive. It breaks up old nationalities and pushes the antagonism of the proletariat and the bourgeoisie to the extreme point. In a word, the free trade system hastens the social revolution. It is in this revolutionary sense alone, gentlemen, that I vote in favor of free trade.
Nevertheless, the notion used in “accelerationism”, broadly supporting the intensification of capitalism in the belief that this will hasten its self-destructive tendencies and ultimately lead to its collapse, is wholly dialectical given that Capitalism and Communism/Marxism are 2 sides of the same coin.