Mikhail Alexandrovich Bakunin (30th May [O.S. 18th May] 1814 – 1st July 1876) was a social anarchist in Russia and one of the principal founders of the “social anarchist” tradition. In the spring of 1814, Mikhail Alexandrovich Bakunin “was born to a noble family of only modest means”. Bakunin spent his youth as a junior officer in the Russian army but resigned his commission in 1835. He went to school in Moscow to study philosophy where he was greatly influenced by Alexander Herzen. Bakunin left Russia for Berlin in 1840 but after three semesters in Berlin left for Dresden eventually arriving in Paris in 1844, where he met Pierre-Joseph Proudhon and Karl Marx.
At a meeting in November 1847 commemorating the November Uprising of 1830 Bakunin called for an alliance between the Polish and Russian peoples against the Emperor, and looked forward to “the definitive collapse of despotism in Russia.” He was eventually deported from France for speaking against Tsar Nicolas’ apparent oppression of Poland. Bakunin also appeared as a prominent figure in the May 1849 Uprising in Dresden. Many German Nationals including Richard Wagner were sympathetic to the social revolutionary movements of this period and became actively involved. Bakunin was captured in Chemnitz and held for thirteen months before being condemned to death by the government of Saxony. His sentence was commuted to life to allow his extradition to Russia where he was imprisoned in Peter-Paul Fortress in Saint Petersburg. He remained there until 1857, when he was exiled to a work camp in Siberia. He was able to escape via Japan and the USA, and ended up in London for a short time, where he worked with Herzen on the journal Kolokol (“The Bell”). In 1868, Bakunin joined the International Working Men’s Association, a federation of radical and trade union organizations with sections in most European countries. The 1872 Congress was dominated by a fight between a faction around Marx who argued for participation in parliamentary elections and a faction around Bakunin who opposed it. Although maintaining his anarchist stance Bakunin had clearly become wise to the Jewish nature of Marxist ideology–
“Marx is a Jew and is surrounded by a crowd of little, more or less intelligent, scheming, agile, speculating Jews, just as Jews are everywhere, commercial and banking agents, writers, politicians, correspondents for newspapers of all shades; in short, literary brokers, just as they are financial brokers, with one foot in the bank and the other in the socialist movement, and their arses sitting upon the German press. They have grabbed hold of all newspapers, and you can imagine what a nauseating literature is the outcome of it.
Now this entire Jewish world, which constitutes an exploiting sect, a people of leeches, a voracious parasite, Marx feels an instinctive inclination and a great respect for the Rothschilds. This may seem strange. What could there be in common between communism and high finance? Ho ho! The communism of Marx seeks a strong state centralization, and where this exists there must inevitably exist a state central bank, and where this exists, there the parasitic Jewish nation, which speculates upon the labor of the people, will always find the means for its existence.
In reality, this would be for the proletariat a barrack regime, under which the workingmen and the working closely and intimately connected with one another, regarless not only of frontiers but of political differences as well – this Jewish world is today largely at the disposal of Marx or Rothschild. I am sure that, on the one hand, the Rothschilds appreciate the merits of Marx, and that on the other hand, women, converted into a uniform mass, would rise, fall asleep, work and live at the beat of the drum; the privilege of ruling would be in the hands of the skilled and the learned, with a wide scope left for profitable crooked deals carried on by the Jews, who would be attracted by the enormous extension of the international speculations of the national banks.”
—Mikhail Bakunin, Etude sur les juifs allemands, 1869