Theodor Herzl (May 2, 1860 – July 3, 1904) was a Jewish journalist and the father of modern political Zionism. Herzl was born in Pest, the Kingdom of Hungary (today the eastern half of Budapest, then a separate city) to a Jewish family. In 1896, Herzl published the book Judenstaat (The Jewish State). Herzl also assembled the first Zionist congress in Basel, Switzerland, in 1897 of which the protocols are purported to be the minutes.
“The wealthy Jews rule the world; the fate of the governments lies in their hands. They start wars between countries, and when they wish, the governments make peace. When the wealthy Jews sing, the nations and their leaders dance along, and meanwhile the Jews get richer!” (Published by Herzl in Deutsche zeitung)