Felix Frankfurter (November 15, 1882 – February 22, 1965) was a Jewish Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court. He was an adviser to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who appointed him to the Supreme Court in 1939. Frankfurter was born into a Jewish family in Vienna, Austria, then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and immigrated to New York at the age of 12. His forebears had been rabbis for generations. Frankfurter spent many hours reading at The Cooper Union and attending political lectures, usually on subjects such as trade unionism, Marxism and communism. During WWI former President Theodore Roosevelt accused Frankfurter of being “engaged in excusing men precisely like the Bolsheviki in Russia.” Post war Frankfurter was encouraged by Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis to become more involved in Zionism and with Brandeis he lobbied President Wilson to support the Balfour Declaration. In 1918, he participated in founding the conference of the American Jewish Congress in Philadelphia, an organization of Jewish leaders from all over the US that presented a ‘democratic’ facade. In 1919, Frankfurter served as a Zionist delegate to the Paris Peace Conference.