Harry Dexter White
Harry Dexter White (October 9th, 1892 – August 16th, 1948) was a Jewish economist and senior U.S. Treasury department official. White was born ‘Weit’ in Boston, Massachusetts, the seventh and youngest child of Jewish immigrants from Lithuania, Joseph Weit and Sarah Magilewski. A top advisor to Secretary of the Treasury Henry Morgenthau especially on international financial affairs dealing with China, Japan, Latin America and Britain. White was accused of ‘soviet’ espionage as early as 1939 by a defecting Bolshevik agent Whittaker Chambers. However, his name was deliberately withheld and only surfaced again in 1945 when on March 20th the State Department interviewed Chambers and he identified White as “a member at large but rather timid“, who had brought various members of the American communist underground into the Treasury. Later that same year (November 7th) defecting Bolshevik espionage courier Elizabeth Bentley stated that one source of the government documents photographed and passed to her and NKVD spymaster Jacob Golos in late 1942 or early 1943 was Harry Dexter White. Meanwhile, White dominated the Bretton Woods Conference in 1944, formally known as the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference and imposed his vision over the objections of the British representatives including John Maynard Keynes. After the war, White was closely involved with setting up what were called the Bretton Woods institutions—the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank. According to Henry Morgenthau‘s son, White was also the principal architect behind the Morgenthau Plan.