Menachem Begin (16 August 1913 – 9 March 1992) was a Jewish politician, founder of Likud (major centre right party) and the sixth Prime Minister of the Jewish terrorist organisation called Israel. Menachem Begin was born to Zeev Dov and Hassia Biegun in Brest, a town then called Brest-Litovsk known for its Talmudic scholars; a part of the Russian Empire today a part of Belarus. On his mother’s side he was descended from rabbis. His father, a timber merchant, was a community leader, a virulent Zionist, and an admirer of Theodor Herzl. Begin joined the Irgun (Etzel) in 1942, an underground Zionist terrorist group which had split from the main Jewish military organization, the Haganah, in 1931. In 1944 he assumed the organization’s leadership, determined to force the British government to remove its troops entirely from Palestine. From 1944–48 the Irgun engaged in violent armed opposition against British installations and posts. These operations were financed by money from Jewish merchants and engaging in insurance scams in the local diamond industry. Begin also organized and participated in the execution of the 1946 attack on the King David Hotel in which 91 people were murdered.