James Ramsay MacDonald, FRS (né James McDonald Ramsay; 12th October 1866 – 9th November 1937) was a British politician and first Labour Party Prime Minister, leading Labour governments in 1924 and 1929–1931. Along with Keir Hardie and Arthur Henderson, MacDonald is credited as principal founder of the Labour Party. He was born at Gregory Place, Lossiemouth, Morayshire, Scotland, the illegitimate son of John MacDonald, a farm labourer, and Anne Ramsay, a housemaid. Registered at birth as James McDonald (sic) Ramsay, he was known as Jaimie MacDonald. Carrying a chip on his shoulder in 1885 MacDonald joined the Democratic Federation that changed its name a few months later to the Social Democratic Federation (SDF) the same Communist group as Karl Marx’s daughter Eleanor “Tussy” Marx Aveling. Feigning anti-Communism in order to veil his anti- British manoeuvring MacDonald played host to Vladimir Lenin in 1907 during a congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP). He was also a leading spokesman for internationalism in the Labour movement and founded the Union of Democratic Control in early 1914 to promote international socialist aims. In February 1924 MacDonald recognised the Soviet Construct installed by the Bolsheviks following the seizure of Russia in 1917 and announced the beginning of trade negotiations. On the verge of collapse the Soviet Union was kept afloat by rogue elements in both Britain and the United Stated through trade agreements. One of the most notorious political outrages of the 20th century centres on a 1924 scandal surrounded a document in letter form written by the Jew Zinoviev, encouraging agitation “in the armed forces (including a loan to the Bolshevik government)”. It implicated Macdonald in the Jewish Bolshevik conspiracy leading to the fall of the first Labour government.