Jews in Africa
Jews have occupied Africa from the seventh century. They left Spain and moved to inland Africa and proselytized among the Caucasian Berber tribes. A number of tribes, including the Jarawa, Uled Jari, and some tribes of the Daggatun people, converted to the customs called ‘Judaism’ that the Jew practiced. Ibn Khaldun reported that Kahina, a female Berber who revolted against the Semitic Arab tribes practicing Islam of North Africa in the 680s and 690s, was a Jew of the Jarawa tribe. Thus even from its earliest occupation the Jew has planted its Trojan horse and fostered treachery between kin.