Chanukah is the Jewish celebration of the Jewish genocide of ethic European Syrian Greeks. In 175 BC, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, the son of Antiochus III invaded Judea. Refusing to mix freely with the Syrian Greeks Mattathias (Mattityahu), a Jewish priest, and his five sons Jochanan, Simeon, Eleazar, Jonathan, and Judah led a Jewish rebellion against Antiochus and his people. Judah became known as Yehuda HaMakabi (“Judah the Hammer”). By 166 BC Mattathias had died, and Judah took his place as leader. The Maccabees annihilated many pagan villages. The revolt itself involved many battles, in which the Maccabean terrorists gained notoriety among the Seleucid army for their use of guerrilla tactics against the Greek people. By 165 BC Jewish terror against the Greek people had succeeded in the overthrow of the Seleucid Monarchy.