Harry Gold (December 11, 1910 – August 28, 1972) was a Jewish sleeper agent who was convicted of couriering for a number of Bolshevik spy rings including the Rosenberg Ring and the Atomic Spies. Born Heinrich Golodnitsky in Bern, Switzerland to Jewish itinerants Samson and Celia (Ominsky) Golodnitsky from what is now Ukraine Henrich’s mother was a Zionist. When Heinrich was 4, his family moved to the United States were they changed their name to Gold. As a young man he was interested in Marxism which eventually led him to contacts within the Communist movement. Gold was recruited by the Bolsheviks in 1935. He was activated by the Jew Jacob Golos in early 1940 though not recruited as a resident spy, the early version of Sayanim, until later that year by Jewish Bolshevik Case Officer Semyon Semenov. Semenov remained Gold’s control officer until March 1944. After his arrest Gold admitted that he had been involved in espionage since 1934 and had helped pass information to the Bolsheviks. Gold was sentenced in 1951 to thirty years imprisonment and was paroled in May 1965, after serving just under half of his sentence.