Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
Julius Rosenberg (May 12, 1918 – June 19, 1953) and Ethel Greenglass Rosenberg (September 25, 1915 – June 19, 1953) were Communist Jews in the United States who received international attention when they were executed after spying for the Bolshevik regime. Julius Rosenberg was born to a family of Jewish immigrants in New York City on May 12th, 1918. Julius became a leader in the Young Communist League where, in 1936, he met Ethel, whom he married three years later. Ethel Greenglass was born on September 25th, 1915, in New York City, also to a Jewish family. She was an aspiring actress and singer, but eventually took a secretarial job at a shipping company. She became involved in labour disputes and joined the Young Communist League, USA, where she met Julius. According to his former NKVD handler, lifelong Communist Alexandre Feklisov, Julius Rosenberg was originally recruited by the KGB on Labour Day 1942, by NKVD spymaster the Jew Semyon Semenov. Feklisov was in fact covering the role of the Jew Jacob Golos, who in 1942 passed the cell of young Communist engineers headed by Julius Rosenberg into direct contact with Bolshevik operatives in New York. It was Golos who activated Gold in early 1940. After Semenov was recalled to Moscow in 1944, his duties were taken over by his apprentice, Feklisov. Julius Rosenberg recommended his sister-in-law Ruth Greenglass to his NKVD superiors for the use of her apartment as a safe house for photography, the NKVD realized that David was working on the Manhattan Project. David Greenglass was then recruited into Bolshevik espionage by his wife at Rosenberg’s behest. Julius Rosenberg was relieved of his duties by the NKVD after government officials had discovered his membership in the Communist Party and fired him from the United States Signal Corps. Greenglass provided testimony that helped convict his sister and brother-in-law Ethel and Julius Rosenberg.