Klaus Fuchs

Emil Julius Klaus Fuchs (29th December 1911 – 28th January 1988) was a Communist and Bolshevik spy working on Manhattan Project. Fuchs shared his father’s Communist views, joining the Communist Party of Germany (KPD) in 1932. He and his brother Gerhard were active speakers at Communist meetings, and actively attempted to disrupt and subvert National Socialist gatherings. A well-known KPD member Fuchs went into hiding following the 1933 Reichstag fire shortly after fleeing to the United Kingdom were he made contact with the Communist Jew Jurgen Kuczynski. Kuczynski had already organise the KPD in Britain and served as a spy for the Soviet Union it was through his sister Ursula that Fuchs began passing information to the Soviet Union once he became an assistant to the Jew Rudolf Peierls in 1941, working on “Tube Alloys” later to merge with the Manhattan Project. In 1943 Fuchs and Peierls moved to the Manhattan Project and by 1944 Fuchs was working with the Jew Hans Bethe. Fuchs was contacted by the Jew Harry Gold (codename: “Raymond”), an NKVD agent early that year who would become his main courier. in 1947, a conference was created to facilitate exchange of atomic secrets at the highest levels of governments of the United States, United Kingdom and Canada; Fuchs attended with Donald Maclean, another Bolshevik spy connected to the Cambridge ring, as British co-secretary. Prior to his interregation Fuchs may have been tipped off by Kim Philby of the Cambridge spy ring. Fuchs’s statements to British and American intelligence agencies were used to implicate the Jew Harry Gold, a key witness in the trials of Jewish spies David Greenglass and Julius and Ethel Rosenberg in the United States. Fuchs was convicted on 1st March 1950 and sentenced to fourteen years. He was released in 1959, after serving just nine. While imprisoned Fuchs was friendly with Irish Republican Army prisoner Seamus Murphy with whom he played chess and helped escape. It was suggested by some that Fuchs had turned IRA leader Cathal Goulding into a Marxist. On his release Fuchs promptly emigrated to Communist East Germany were he continued his atomic research later receiving the Patriotic Order of Merit, the Order of Karl Marx and the National Prize of East Germany. A tutorial Fuchs gave to Qian Sanqiang and other Chinese physicists helped them to develop the first Chinese atomic bomb, the 596, which was tested five years later.

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