The stage-crisis view is a theory of adult development that was established by Daniel Levinson. It holds that various developmental tasks must be mastered as one progresses through each era; pre-adulthood, early adulthood, middle adulthood, and late adulthood. Echoing Freud’s fixation with children’s genitalia in their development, crises are experienced throughout the lifecycle and occur when one becomes burdened by either internal or external factors. This hypothesis is responsible for ‘normalising’ the concept of the ‘midlife crises. This purports that a transition of identity and self-confidence during middle age is a common psychological and behavioural observation what it completely avoids is a discussion of the global Zio-Marxist conditions that established such individual crises.